Với Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh 10 Unit 10: Ecotourism bộ sách Global Success giúp bạn nắm vững kiến thức và học tốt môn Tiếng Anh 10.

Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh 10 Unit 10: Ecotourism

I. Câu điều kiện loại I

1. Cấu trúc

If + S + V (hiện tại), S + will + V (nguyên mẫu)

Ví dụ: If I tell her everything, she will know how much I love her.

(Nếu tôi nói cho cô ấy tất cả mọi chuyện, cô ấy sẽ biết tôi yêu cô ấy nhiều như thế nào.)

2. Cách dùng

– Câu điều kiện loại 1 dùng để chỉ sự việc có thể xảy ra ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai

Ví dụ: If I get up early in the morning, I will go to school on time. (Nếu tôi dậy sớm vào buổi sáng, tôi sẽ đến trường học đúng giờ.)

– Câu điều kiện loại 1 có thể sử dụng để đề nghị và gợi ý:

Ví dụ: If you need a ticket, I can get you one. (Nếu bạn cần mua vé, tôi có thể mua dùm bạn một cái.)

– Câu điều kiện loại 1 dùng để cảnh báo hoặc đe dọa

Ví dụ: If you come in, he will kill you. (Nếu bạn bước vào đó, anh ta sẽ giết bạn.)

II. Câu điều kiện loại II

1. Cấu trúc


If + S + Were/ weren’t, S + Would/could/might + V nguyên thể

Ví dụ: If the weather weren’t bad, we would go swimming. (Nếu thời tiết không xấu, chúng tôi sẽ đi bơi.)

2. Cách dùng

Câu điều kiện loại 2 là câu điều kiện trái với thực tế ở hiện tại.

Bài tập vận dụng

EXERCISE I: Put the verbs in brackets in correct tenses.

1/ If I (have) ________ a typewriter, I could type it myself.

2/ If I had known that you were in hospital, I (visit) ________ you.

3/ You could make much progress if you (attend) ________ class regularly.

4/ If I (know) ________ his telephone number, I would give it to you.

5/ If you (arrive) ________ ten minutes earlier, you would have got a seat.

6/ If he (study) ________ harder, he can pass an exam.

7/ She may be late if she (not hurry) ________.

8/ Tell him to ring me if you (see) ________ him.

9/ If you (speak) ________ more slowly, he might have understood you.

10/ What (you do) ________ if you got fat?

Đáp án:

1 – had; 2 – would have visited; 3 – attended; 4 – knew; 5 – arrived;

6 – studies; 7 – doesn’t hurry; 8 – see; 9 – have spoken; 10 – would you do;

Exercise II : Supply the correct verb tense.

1/ If you are kind to me, I (be) _______ good to you.

2/ He (come) _______ if you waited.

3/ If you (ring) _______ the bell, the servant would come.

4/ If I had known that the baby was hungry, I (feed) _______ him.

5/ If it (not, rain) _______ a lot, the rice crop wouln’t grow.

6/ If today (be) _______ Sunday, we wouldn’t have to work.

7/ If she had had your address, she (write) _______ to you.

8/ We lost the match. If you (play) _______ for us, we (win) _______.

9/ They would not be paid unless they (do) _______ their work well.

10/ If I became very rich, I (build ) _______ a hospital for the poor.

11/ If he (give) _______ up smoking, as his doctor orders, he will be soon well again.

12/ He (not, have) _______ an accident if he had not been driving so fast.

13/ If she (write) _______ more carefully, she might not have made too many mistakes.

14/ You would have to stay in bed unless your health (improve) _______.

15/ If I (have) ________ a typewriter, I could type it myself.

Đáp án:

1 – will be; 2 – would come; 3 – rang; 4 – would have fed; 5 – didn’t rain;

6 – were; 7 – would have written; 8 – had played – would have won; 9 – did; 10 – would build;

11 – gives; 12 – would not have had; 13 – had written; 14 – improved; 15 – had

Exercise III: Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc.

1. If we meet at 9:30, we (have) _________________plenty of time.

2. If you (find) _________________ a skeleton in the cellar, don’t mention it to anyone.

3. The zookeeper would have punished her with a fine if she ( feed) _________________ the animals..

4. If you pass your examination, we (have) _________________a celebration.

5. Lisa would find the milk if she (look) _________________ for it in the fridge.

6. What (happen) _________________if I press this button?

7. The door will be unlocked if you (press)_________________ the green button.

8. I should have voted for her if I (have) _________________ a vote then.

9. If you go to Paris, where you (stay) _________________?

10. If you (swim) _________________ in this lake, you’ll shiver from cold.

11. If someone offered to buy you one of those rings, which you (choose) _________________?

12. The flight may be cancelled if the fog (get) _________________thick.

13. If the milkman (come) _________________, tell him to leave two pints.

14. I (call) _________________ the office if I were you.

15. Someone (sit) _________________on your glasses if you leave them there.

16. You would hear my explanation if you (not talk) _________________so much.

17. What I (do) _________________if I hear the burglar alarm?

18. If you (read) _________________the instructions carefully, you wouldn’t have answered the wrong question.

19. If Mel (ask) _________________ her teacher, he’d have answered her questions.

20. I would repair the roof myself if I (have) _________________a long ladder.

21. Unless they turn that radio off, I (go) _________________mad.

22. If you were made redundant, what you (do) _________________?

23. We’ll have a long way to walk if we (run) _________________out of petrol here.

24. If you shake that bottle of port, it (not be) _________________ fit to drink.

25. If you spoke louder, your classmates (understand) _________________ you.

26. I’ll probably get lost unless he (come) _________________with me.

27. You (not have) _________________ so many accidents if you drove more slowly.

28. If you (wear) _________________ a false beard, nobody would have recognized you.

29. If she (leave) _________________ the fish here, the cat will eat it.

30. You (have) _________________ no trouble at school if you had done your homework.

31. Unless you (tell) __________________ the truth, I won’t help you.

32. You’ll get pneumonia if you (not change) _________________ your wet clothes.

33. If I had known that you couldn’t eat octopus, I (not buy) _________________ it.

34. If they (hang) _________________ that picture lower, people would be able to see it.

35. She (be) _________________able to walk faster if she didn’t have such high-heel shoes.

36. I (bring) _________________ you some beer if I had known that you were thirsty.

37. If you had touched that electric cable, you (be) _________________ electrocuted.

38. If the story hadn’t been true, the newspaper (not print) _________________ it.

39. I (not buy) _________________ things on the installment system if I were you.

40. Dan (arrive) _________________ safe if he drove slowly.

Đáp án:

1. will have;

2. find;

3. had fed;

4. will;

5. looked;

6. will happen;

7. press;

8. had had;

9. will you stay;

10. swim;

11. would you choos;

12. gets;

13. comes;

14. would call;

15. will sit;

16. don’t talk;

17. will you do;

18. had read;

19. had asked;

20. had;

21. will go;

22. would you do;

23. run;

24. won’t be;

25. would have understood;

26. comes;

27. wouldn’t have;

28. had worn;

29. leaves;

30. would have had;

31. Tell;

32. don’t change;

33. wouldn’t have bought;

34. hung;

35. would be;

36. would have brought;

37. would have been;

38. wouldn’t have printed;

39. wouldn’t buy;

40. would drive;

Xem thêm các bài Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh lớp 10 Global success hay, chi tiết khác:

Ngữ pháp Unit 6: Gender Equality

Ngữ pháp Unit 7: Viet Nam And Internatioanl Organisations

Ngữ pháp Unit 8: New Ways To Learn

Ngữ pháp Unit 9: Protecting The Environment

Ngữ pháp Unit 10: Ecotourism